Their need for large amounts of oxygen is why airy soils are best for coffee cultivation and growth. Also, plants need 1,500 mm – 2,000 mm of rainfall annually to provide the best results. If rainfall is below the ideal, the plants need extra moisture through irrigation methods. To get a better quality of coffee is better that the plants to be cultivated at higher altitudes, with an abundance of fog and clouds. Higher altitudes provides a lower oxygen content so that coffee takes longer to reach maturity, something that helps develop a stronger flavor of coffee beans.
Coffee trees require special attention from the farmer’s constantly. These plants need a certain amount of shade, regular watering and fertilization. They also must be protected from pests and weeds to ensure the best return of coffee beans. Coffee flowers take approximately six to eight weeks to bloom and the period from flowering until harvest can last for nine months, depending on environmental and other factors. Red coffee fruit tree takes six to eight months to ripen after the tree begins to bear fruit. Regular harvesting is needed because the coffee tree fruits can move after 10 -14 days after baking.