It is found in several species of wild coffee plants in a vast area occupying equatorial, tropical regions of Africa and, on both sides of the equator, but the coffee tree known as arabica coffee, whose fruit (beans) are so dear to the whole world is originally from Ethiopia deep valleys.
Legend has it that a goat herder Muslim Yemen has a monastery in the days when he noticed that his animals fed with reddish berries of the shrub, which kept him in high esteem, could not sleep the next night. Rhazes, an Arab physician of the ninth century, is the first scholar to mention the coffee and its quality.
And here is the beginning of a long and bitter discussions between physicians that lasted more than two centuries and which, in fact, it takes today. Coffee is a remedy or a poison? Combats “apathy of the human body” or attacks “brain particles?”. Faculty of Aix(France) condemned. But Dufou, MD Lyons, explains in detail how tonics are its effects.
Both in the caffee of Procopius and other Parisian cafes will be born and will discuss new ideas and theories of “subversive” generated by the spirit Encyclopedists. In this sense we can say that this black liquor, coffee, helped enormously the French Revolution.