Worldwide coffee producing countries are between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn, where the climate is ideal for hotand humid. Countries can be grouped broadly into four geographical areas:
Concacaf Mexic-especially Arabica generally very high quality(Mexico, Panama and Caribbean islands).
America USA- Brazil produces about 30 million bags per yea r(1 bag = 60 kg) of natural arabica. Colombia, Venezuela, Peru and Ecuador produce washed Arabica.
Africa-most African countries producing Robusta coffee. Arabica species also grow very well at high altitudes in Kenya, Tanzania and Cameroon, which produce large quantities of washed Arabica, the highest quality.
ASIA-producing washed Arabica and washed Robusta as well as natural (India, Indonesia, New Guinea). The world market for coffee, the species occupies 75-80% Arabica, Robusta occupying the remaining 20-25%. Annual world production reaches about 91 million bags, each weighing on average about 60 kg, over 5 million tons annually. Central and South America produce about 70% of coffee on the world market, followed by 20% from Asia and Africa by 10%.
During the 19th century to the present, growing and exporting coffee flourished in an amazing extent. Today coffee is consumed in virtually in any country, and is a very important commodity for producers and consumers. Currently, world coffee market is located, along with oil, steel and grain, including raw materials for export of high value economic situation of many countries first -producing almost entirely dependent on coffee, exports coffee, their national welfare. The most important coffee markets are in New York and London, where you can negotiates a variety of Arabica and Robusta coffee species.